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Category Archives: Audio & Video

Audio & Video

The VHS Family

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The VHS Family

The VHS Family

The VHS Family

By far the most common home video format and the most frequent transferred.

VHS (Video Home System) was created in the 1970s and surprisingly is still being manufactured as of 2010 for limited use. It comes in several flavors – most common is the standard VHS, as well as S-VHS, VHS-C and the less frequent D-VHS.

The most important fact regarding VHS, and analog media in general, is that the magnetic particles that form the recorded picture and sound fade away and disintegrate over time. Even the earth magnetic filed does affect analog media such as VHS.

The VHS format is especially susceptible to decay because it was not designed to last for a very long time and was never designed for true professional use.

Another factor to consider, especially when transferring VHS to DVD or VHS to files, is that since VHS has been in use for nearly 40 years and have been through many evolutionary steps, there is really no way to predict which VHS player will play any given tape at optimal quality. Here at Advanced Media, we have a wide variety of VHS decks, from specialized professional-grade decks, to hard-to-find unique models. We always match your tape with the deck that will be the best fit for your tape.

In reality, transferring VHS to DVD and files, is an art form just as much as it is science, and we at Advanced Media have accumulated tens of thousands of tape hours to back it up.

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The Beta Family

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The Beta Family

The Beta family is probably the most diverse family among the entire tape format families and covers the entire range from home video to professional broadcast flavors.

Most people are familiar with the Betamax system, which was introduced along VHS in the 1970s, however, which lost its footing in the infamous “format war”.

Interestingly enough, despite Betamax decline, it had continued production until the year 2002 in many countries, and was also an important evolutionary step towards the development of BetaCam and professional video formats.

The BetaCam line is the professional evolution of Betamax into the broadcast industry. BetaCam has evolved from the standard BetaCam tape, to the higher quality BetaCam SP and then later to BetaCam SX, Digital BetaCam, BetaCam IMX and eventually it to high-definition flavors – HDCAM & HDCAM-SR

Here at Advanced Media we have the full capacity to handle every possible Beta format for you.

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The Video 8 Family

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The Video 8 Family

The Video 8 Family

The Video 8mm was the alternative to VHS camcorder format, started in the mid 1980s and offered similar quality to the VHS family.

Video 8mm, or as commonly known – Video8, is made up of the original Video 8mm, the more advanced Hi8 and the digital format – Digital8.

We have specialized equipment to handle every flavor of Video8 and can handle Video 8mm, Hi-8 and Digital8.

Whether you need Video8 to DVD, Hi8 to DVD or Digital8 to DVD, or Video8, Hi8 and Digital8 to files – we are here to handle it for you.

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The U-Matic Family

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The U Matic Family

The U Matic Family

The 3/4″ U-Matic family, in use from the 1970s to the early 90s, was one of the first professional “enclosed reel” formats.

At these early days of analog videotapes, the wider the actual recording tape was, the better picture quality it offered. ¾” U-Matic comes mainly in two flavors – “low-band” and its higher quality counterpart “high-band”, marked by gray and red tapes respectively.

Since ¾” video has been massively used throughout the world, many institutions and even professionals still have archives of this format.

One of the main challenges with preserving ¾” video is that as time goes by, less and less U-Matic machines are available, especially in shape good enough for high-quality transfer.

We at Advanced Media, have invested in buying and maintaining several U-Matic VTRs for both Hi-band and Low-band and are easily capable of digitizing and transferring ¾” video to any possible digital format.

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The DV Family

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The DV Family

The DV Family

The DV family of videotape formats is possibly responsible not only for the gradual transition from analog to digital media, but also for revolutionizing the entire movie and TV industry as we know it, and was possibly one of the main evolutionary steps from the traditional approach to video production all the way to the most current applications of digital and tapeless recording.

The DV format, which has started in the mid-90s with film & TV production and was introduced into the consumer electronic market by early 2000s, has been in great use ever since by both professionals and consumers alike.

The DV format is comprised of DV, DVCAM, MiniDV, DVCPro and several other variants, including the HDV and DVCPro HD formats.

It is very likely that a vast amount of home videos and family taped history and memories have been taped on the various DV formats in the period of 2000-2010. The benefit of DV is that it is relatively a stable, digital format and it offers relatively high quality video. Some of the main issues with DV preservation and transfer to DVD or files, is the connectivity issues. DV equipment generally relies on 4-pin or 6-pin “FireWire” cables which are very unstable, and which are being rapidly discontinued by computer manufacturers.

We at Advanced Media offer a large range of DV VTRs that can handle any type of DV, be it DV, DVCAM, MiniDV, DVCPro and HDV, and at either NTSC or PAL, and using professional broadcast equipment, able to transfer it to DVD, files or other tape types. For the professionals in you, we use mostly SDI connectivity to maintain highest picture quality.

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The Disc Family

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The Disc Family

The Disc Family

The Disc or the optical digital family, includes primarily the DVD, Blu-ray and to a lesser extent, LaserDisc formats.

We carry all optical disc formats and can digitize (create digital files from a video source) from any type of LaserDisc, DVD, including DVD-R, DVD-ROM, DVD-5, DVD-9 and Blu-ray, including BD-25, BD-50, BD-J.

While we believe that DVDs and Blu-rays are going to stay for a while and are a good, tangible and high-quality preservation and archival format.

we do recommend creating files from optical discs, since they are gradually becoming obsolete as well.

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The Audio Family

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The Audio Family

The Audio Family

Much like your memories being stored on video, many families all over the world have stored history and legacy recorded on various audio formats – be it audio cassettes, CDs, DATs, reel 2 reels as well as others.

Whether you are a consumer or a professional, it is likely that at some point in time you had some audio recordings of value in your personal and family history attic.

Older audio formats typically need to go through digital restoration process, since the noise level on older formats and the recording equipment that was often used, is very distracting and noticeable compares to today’s standards with newer digital equipment.

We at Advanced Media have converted, restored and preserved thousands of audio tapes, CDs and reels for individuals and institutions alike.

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NTSC & PAL Conversions

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Audio Tape

Audio Tape

NTSC & PAL are abbreviations for analog standard-definition TV broadcast standards. NTSC is a broadcast standard that runs at 30 frames per second and is the standard in the US, Canada, most of South America and several Asian countries, such as Japan and South Korea.

PAL is the TV broadcast system used throughout the rest of the world, including Europe, Africa, the Middle East and parts of Asia and South America, and runs at 25 frames per second (very close to film speed which runs at 24 frames per second).

Today, many countries have switched, or are in the process of switching to digital broadcasting, thus formally and gradually replacing and ending the PAL & NTSC era.

While various specialized VHS & DVD players as well as TV sets, are capable of displaying both standards, in reality most aren’t, and will result in an inability to properly display and review tapes and discs, thus diminishing the results of preserving your family history.

One of the most important factors in NTSC and PAL conversions, is that not all converters and conversion processes are alike. In fact, they run the gamut, ranging from standard-quality processors that would result in relatively softer (blurry) image without motion correction, and all the way to very high-end convertors that yield very pristine and clear picture with very little image degradation.

At Advanced Media we offer various solutions for NTSC & PAL conversions, anywhere from standard to very high-end fitting broadcast. We believe in offering solutions and options for anyone seeking to preserve their family most unique history and memories. For broadcast purposes we use Teranex Converters with HD-SDI and SD-SDI connections.

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Pro Formats

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Pro Formats

Pro Formats

For professional formats, such as :

 

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Other Formats

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Other Formats

Other Formats

If you are reading this section, you may have a format not covered in any of the families listed above.

That would include 1”, 2”, ¼” reel-to-reel, D1, D2, D3, D5 and other unique, obsolete formats.

If you have or are in charge of a library that requires conversion, preservation and archiving, please click here [link to PROFESSIONAL TAB]

 

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